Universitatea de Nord din Baia Mare (UBM)

  • Description
  • The Baia Mare higher edu­ca­tion con­tin­ues, at the level of con­tem­po­rary require­ments, an old and appre­ci­ated aca­d­e­mic tra­di­tion exis­tent here. Ever since 1388 in Baia Mare there was a school lead by rec­tor Teodoric, well-​known man of cul­ture, who had pre­vi­ously taught in Brasov. His­toric doc­u­ments speak about “Schola Rivulina” which func­tioned in Baia Mare in 1547, and which became a col­lege in 1673, men­tioned one hun­dred years later, in 1773, by Johannes Huber, in his “Gen­eral Geography”.

    The cre­ation in 1748 of the Min­ing Gen­eral Inspec­torate in Baia Mare leads to the re-​organization of the whole min­ing sys­tem. In 1864 the first min­ing school was cre­ated, with a three year­long course of study, aim­ing at prepar­ing the staff nec­es­sary for the orga­ni­za­tion and man­age­ment of mines. This was for a long time the only school in the field in Tran­sil­va­nia. In 1937, the Min­ing School changes into the School of min­ing and chemo-​metallurgical tech­ni­cal con­duc­tors, and in 1945 it becomes the School of Sub-​engineers, with a four year­long course of study, which moved to Brad in 1949, gain­ing the sta­tus of Insti­tute of engineers.

    The keep­ing of cer­tain ethno-​linguistic tra­di­tions, quite unique in this north­ern part of the coun­try, as well as the impetu­ous devel­op­ment of Baia Mare, require the cre­ation, in 1961, of the three-​year Ped­a­gogic Insti­tute, with three fac­ul­ties: Philol­ogy, Math­e­mat­ics, and Nat­ural and Agri­cul­tural Sci­ences, the first step towards the devel­op­ment of the Baia Mare higher edu­ca­tion. Some years later, in recog­ni­tion of the achieve­ments of the min­ing edu­ca­tion in the area and of the indus­trial neces­si­ties, the Insti­tute of Sub-​engineers reap­pears (1969).

    The rapid evo­lu­tion of higher edu­ca­tion in Baia Mare was nat­u­rally fol­lowed by the cre­ation, on Octo­ber 1st, 1974, of the Higher Edu­ca­tion Insti­tute, with two fac­ul­ties: the Fac­ulty of Ped­a­gogic Edu­ca­tion, day courses, with 3 majors: Philol­ogy – 4 years, Math­e­mat­ics – 3 years, Nat­ural and Agri­cul­tural Sci­ences – 3 years, and the Fac­ulty of Tech­ni­cal Edu­ca­tion, with 4 majors: Mines, Min­ing Tech­no­log­i­cal Electro­mechan­ics, Non­fer­rous Met­al­lurgy, Civil, indus­trial and agri­cul­tural con­struc­tions, prepar­ing sub-​engineers for three years, day courses, and for 4 years, evening courses. On Octo­ber 1st, 1984, the Baia Mare Higher Edu­ca­tion Insti­tute goes under the Patron­age of the Poly­tech­nic Insti­tute in Cluj Napoca bear­ing the name of Insti­tute of Sub-​engineers.

    In June 1990, the Insti­tute of Sub-​engineers regains its auton­omy, and returns to the old name of Baia Mare Higher Edu­ca­tion Insti­tute. In March 1991, through Gov­ern­men­tal Decree, the Higher Edu­ca­tion Insti­tute becomes the Baia Mare Uni­ver­sity, and in 1996 it receives its present name of North Uni­ver­sity of Baia Mare. The North Uni­ver­sity of Baia Mare is a state insti­tu­tion for higher edu­ca­tion and sci­en­tific research; it shares the ideas of the Magna Charta of Euro­pean Uni­ver­si­ties (Bologna, 1988) and of the Lima Dec­la­ra­tion on Aca­d­e­mic Free­dom and Auton­omy of Higher Edu­ca­tional Insti­tu­tions (Lima, 1988), being a mem­ber of the Euro­pean Uni­ver­si­ties Asso­ci­a­tion and of the Inter­na­tional Asso­ci­a­tion of Universities.


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