The World Health Organization stated that a quarter of deaths from injuries resulting from traffic accidents. This claim the lives of 1.2 million people every year besides the injury or disability of 50 million people. Saudi Arabia has been a significant increase in the rates of traffic accidents which contribute to the loss of lives as well as the great losses to the national economy and to social and health impacts resulting from traffic accidents.
Statistics show that more than 300,000 traffic accidents occur annually in the Kingdom. This results in death of more than 6000 people, injury to more than 30,000 people and more than 30 % of beds in hospitals are occupied with traffic accidents injuries. The Kingdom also suffers a loss of 13 billion Saudi Riyals due to traffic accidents.
The direct and effective efforts of the state are remarkable in reducing and mitigating traffic accidents which is represented in: the General Directorate of Traffic, Civil Defense, Ministry of health, Saudi Red Crescent and King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology. It is also required from other institutions of government and private sectors to contribute in reducing traffic accidents and to aware the community of the importance of accident prevention.
Therefore, the society is in dire need of a scientific society which seeks to connect with all effective organizations of government and other sectors such as Saudi Aramco, private foundations, public figures, businessmen and those who have got experience in traffic safety. That will help alleviate this suffering. Because of the major role universities play in serving the community, the importance of establishing a scientific society became a burden on the University of Dammam. The university has a variety of majors which is related to traffic safety such as the College of Architecture and Planning, the College of Engineering, the College of Education and other medical colleges. This could help to improve the quality of traffic service and traffic safety.