International Confederation of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgeons (IPRAS)

  • Description
  • 37,000 Plas­tic and Aes­thetic Sur­geons, 35,000 res­i­dents in train­ing, 30,000 Hand Sur­geons, 1,000 Micro Sur­geons and 1,000 Burn Spe­cial­ists from 99 nations are united in IPRAS – Inter­na­tional Con­fed­er­a­tion of Plas­tic, Recon­struc­tive and Aes­thetic Sur­geons.

    Plas­tic, Recon­struc­tive and Aes­thetic Surgery is a young and inno­v­a­tive spe­cialty. Due to the rapid devel­op­ment of micro­surgery, we now have the chance to cure patients with large defects such as trans­plan­ta­tion of the limb and face. Train­ing in aes­thetic surgery is insep­a­ra­bly related to recon­struc­tive surgery. This is why many Euro­pean nations only allow plas­tic sur­geons to per­form aes­thetic surgery.

    With great joy, we present the human­i­tar­ian work of IPRAS. The major­ity of our mem­bers are involved in char­i­ta­ble projects: they spend their vaca­tions doing vol­un­teer work in third world coun­tries. IPRAS has a new ini­tia­tive, Women for Women that aims to sup­ply help by female sur­geons to patients suf­fer­ing from dis­fig­ur­ing and socially exclud­ing sequalae of trauma that often occurs out of eth­nic or social tra­di­tions or typ­i­cal envi­ron­men­tal con­di­tions that women in sev­eral coun­tries are sub­jected to.

    Mem­ber­ship in an IPRAS-​recognized soci­ety means an oblig­a­tion to prac­tice our high eth­i­cal standards.

    Goals and Objectives

    The pur­pose of IPRAS, as stated in the By-​Laws, is to pro­mote the art and sci­ence of plas­tic surgery, to fur­ther plas­tic surgery edu­ca­tion and research, and to encour­age friend­ship among plas­tic sur­geons and physi­cians of all countries.

    IPRAS has sev­eral major goals that bear restat­ing at its 50year mark, each of which ulti­mately should result in improve­ment in the care and treat­ment of each and every patient entrust­ing their care to a plas­tic sur­geon. Each goal should be exam­ined in greater detail.


    The major edu­ca­tional effort of IPRAS/​IPRAF is the Qua­dren­nial Sci­en­tific Con­gress. This Con­gress pro­vides a venue for plas­tic sur­geons from around the world to bring the fruits of their inves­tiga­tive efforts to the crit­i­cal arena of their peers. Qua­dren­nial Sci­en­tific Con­gresses have been held in the major cen­ters of plas­tic surgery around the world with the next Con­gress sched­uled for Berlin, Ger­many in June 2007. Prospec­tive host coun­tries, under the aegis of an Orga­niz­ing Com­mit­tee, bid for the right to host the Con­gress at the cur­rent Con­gress and the Coun­cil of National Del­e­gates selects the winner.

    Usu­ally, 800 to 1,000 abstracts are received. The vast major­ity are accepted to be read in either Ple­nary Ses­sions or in smaller, topic-​specific ses­sions. This struc­ture has allowed many of the younger plas­tic sur­geons to present their work and have it cri­tiqued by senior plas­tic sur­geons. Ple­nary Ses­sions include Pan­els that explore cur­rent research and tech­ni­cal advances in depth by lead­ers in the field.

    How­ever, another edu­ca­tional effort is a pri­or­ity for IPRAS/​IPRAF. This effort is to bring plas­tic surgery edu­ca­tion to those sur­geons work­ing in emerg­ing coun­tries who may not have access to such edu­ca­tion oth­er­wise. Small groups of plas­tic sur­gi­cal edu­ca­tors visit var­i­ous coun­tries to pro­vide didac­tic edu­ca­tion and tech­ni­cal train­ing for these sur­geons and prospec­tive trainees. Cur­rent efforts are being orga­nized for Mol­dava and Cen­tral Africa.

    Qual­ity Assurance

    The basic dri­ving con­cept behind the estab­lish­ment of IPRAS was to ensure that plas­tic surgery qual­ity was estab­lished around the world. From its incep­tion, IPRAS has been con­cerned by the incur­sion of untrained physi­cians trav­el­ing around the world per­form­ing oper­a­tions for which they are not trained. With the advent of global inter­est in aes­thetic surgery, main­te­nance of stan­dards in plas­tic surgery is crit­i­cal. In many coun­tries, mem­ber­ship in IPRAS has been instru­men­tal in con­vinc­ing gov­ern­men­tal bod­ies that the mem­ber plas­tic surgery soci­ety should be the qual­i­fy­ing and cer­ti­fy­ing organization.

    In the Euro­pean Union, for exam­ple, IPRAS has sup­ported and assisted the Euro­pean Com­mit­tee for Qual­ity Assur­ance and Med­ical Devices in Plas­tic Surgery (EQUAM) in the quest for ratio­nal inter­pre­ta­tion of sci­en­tific data dur­ing the debate over the safety of silicone-​gel breast implants. Hav­ing the expressed sup­port of an inter­na­tional plas­tic surgery orga­ni­za­tion was crit­i­cally impor­tant in the delib­er­a­tions of the var­i­ous gov­ern­men­tal groups, which made deci­sions about the avail­abil­ity of the implants. As a corol­lary, the Inter­na­tional Reg­istry of Breast Implants (IBIR) has been sup­ported by IPRAS in orga­ni­za­tional and finan­cial needs.

    In con­clu­sion, the found­ing plas­tic sur­geons, who gave birth to IPRAS, were com­mit­ted to the prin­ci­ple that those who have should pro­vide for those who do not have. This prin­ci­ple con­tin­ues to guide all of the activ­i­ties of the lead­er­ship of IPRAS/​IPRAF.

    Orga­ni­za­tional Assistance

    Dur­ing the past decade, var­i­ous mem­bers of the EXCO, the IPRAF Board, and the Coun­cil of National Del­e­gates have vis­ited emerg­ing plas­tic surgery com­mu­ni­ties to assist in the orga­ni­za­tional devel­op­ment of a national soci­ety. The best exam­ple of a suc­cess is the estab­lish­ment of the Russ­ian Soci­ety of Plas­tic, Recon­struc­tive and Aes­thetic Surgery (RSPRAS). The found­ing mem­bers of this soci­ety were drawn from mul­ti­ple med­ical dis­ci­plines with vary­ing train­ing back­grounds. In a brief decade, RSPRAS has grown to approx­i­mately 400 mem­bers and has held four bien­nial Sci­en­tific Con­gresses, which are sci­en­tif­i­cally solid and orga­ni­za­tion­ally sta­ble. Two other coun­tries have requested sim­i­lar assistance.

    Over the 50 years of IPRASХs exis­tence, changes in the polit­i­cal struc­ture have pre­sented chal­lenges to IPRAS. At this junc­ture, all of the affected coun­tries, both exist­ing and new, have been incor­po­rated into the IPRAS struc­ture. Appro­pri­ate orga­ni­za­tional advice has been pro­vided where required.

    How to become a member

    From the fol­low­ing Sec­tions of IPRAS By-​Laws, please find the require­ments in order to apply for mem­ber­ship in IPRAS.

    Sec­tion A. National Associations

    1. An offi­cial national asso­ci­a­tion of plas­tic sur­geons, rep­re­sent­ing the major­ity of plas­tic sur­geons, shall rep­re­sent that coun­try in IPRAS.
    2. Each such asso­ci­a­tion shall con­sist of at least 5 members.
    3. Appli­ca­tions for mem­ber­ship from national asso­ci­a­tions shall not be rejected on the basis of reli­gious beliefs or polit­i­cal ideals of the par­ent nation.
    4. Αn Eng­lish ver­sion of Asso­ci­a­tions’ by-​laws

    Sec­tion E. Pro­vi­sional Associations

    1. National asso­ci­a­tions formed not less than prior to six weeks prior to the next meet­ing of the Coun­cil of National Del­e­gates may be rec­og­nized as a pro­vi­sional asso­ci­a­tion by action of the Exec­u­tive Committee.
    2. Such pro­vi­sional asso­ci­a­tions shall be ele­vated to full mem­ber­ship at the next meet­ing of the Coun­cil of National Del­e­gates, pro­vid­ing all other require­ments of mem­ber­ship have been met.
    3. Pro­vi­sional asso­ci­a­tions may appoint an observer to the Coun­cil of National Del­e­gates for rep­re­sen­ta­tion at its bien­nial meet­ing until national asso­ci­a­tion sta­tus has been con­firmed by the Coun­cil of National Delegates.

    Fur­ther Rules

    • Observers may par­tic­i­pate in dis­cus­sions and debates, but may not vote.
    • When national asso­ci­a­tion sta­tus is achieved, the observer shall be seated as the del­e­gate with full rights, priv­i­leges, and obligations.
    • Pro­vi­sional asso­ci­a­tions will pay dues for each year they have pro­vi­sional status.

    The Coun­cil of National Del­e­gates has the respon­si­bil­ity to approve appli­ca­tions of national asso­ci­a­tions for membership.

    If your national asso­ci­a­tion is ready to apply for mem­ber­ship, please email us.


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