Institute of Plasma Physics (IPP AS CR) v.v.i.

  • Description
  • About Us

    The Insti­tute of Plasma Physics (IPP AS CR) one of the 53 research insti­tutes of the Acad­emy of Sci­ences of the Czech Repub­lic. Our mis­sion is to per­form research in the field of plasma physics and application.

    Insti­tute of Plasma Physics has 209 employ­ees, the full-​time employ­ees equiv­a­lent is 170.6. The num­ber of researchers is 100, includ­ing 30 PhD stu­dents. The Insti­tute has five research depart­ments, TOPTEC cen­tre, Eco­nomic and Tech­ni­cal Depart­ment (admin­is­tra­tion), Mechan­i­cal Work­shop and sev­eral small units.

    We carry out research in the fields of

    • con­trolled ther­monu­clear fusion
    • exploita­tion of elec­tric discharges
    • devel­op­ment of plasma sources
    • inter­ac­tion of plasma with other states of matter
    • plasma-​based or aided waste treatment
    • plasma spray­ing processes
    • fur­ther top­ics related to plasma


    Our insti­tute is the only entity in the Czech Repub­lic spe­cial­iz­ing in the research and appli­ca­tions of plasma. The plas­mas stud­ied range from rel­a­tively cold dis­charge plasma with tem­per­a­tures below 40,000 K (ener­gies in the 1 eV order) to very hot laser plasma with tem­per­a­tures in tens of mil­lions K (energy above 1 keV). The range of den­si­ties of the plasma stud­ied is also very wide. It spans from plasma den­sity of sev­eral orders of mag­ni­tude lower than atmos­pheric pres­sure (toka­mak dis­charges) to den­sity com­pa­ra­ble with one of solid phase (ini­tial phases of laser plasma).

    By the life­time, the plas­mas stud­ied can be cat­e­go­rized as nearly-​stationary ther­mal (equi­lib­rium) plas­mas (in plasma torches), quasi-​stationary dis­charge plas­mas with sev­eral hun­dred mil­lisec­ond life­time (COM­PASS toka­mak dis­charges) and non-​stationary, highly non-​equilibrium plas­mas with a life­time of 1 μs or less (pulsed plasma sys­tems and laser plasma).

    In the field of plasma gen­er­a­tion and con­fine­ment, study of its prop­er­ties and inter­ac­tion with mat­ter, includ­ing char­ac­ter­i­za­tion and appli­ca­tion of this inter­ac­tion, IPP’s approach is unique in its com­plex­ity on both national and inter­na­tional scale.

    The devel­op­ment of mate­ri­als able to with­stand long-​term expo­sure to hot plasma in toka­maks can be used as an exam­ple. The mate­ri­als are pre­pared by plasma spray­ing (by the IPP’s patented water-​stabilized plasma torch), ana­lyzed and opti­mized in the mate­ri­als engi­neer­ing depart­ment and then tested in real work­ing con­di­tions in the COM­PASS tokamak.

    A wide exper­i­men­tal base, com­plex approach, close inter­con­nec­tion of the­o­ret­i­cal and exper­i­men­tal work, strong agreement-​based as well as infor­mal coop­er­a­tion with research insti­tu­tions at home and abroad allows us to achieve out­stand­ing and unique results on a world­wide scale.

    Ongo­ing spe­cific projects within the broad themes men­tioned – which coin­cide with research focus of indi­vid­ual depart­ments — can be found on their respec­tive pages:


    Phone +420.266.052.052
    Address Za Slovankou 3

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